Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides is visually interesting and has an unusual story fast-paced and action-packed enough for the modern viewer, but it is far from historically or religiously accurate.
Set in what is supposed to be Georgian England, it depicts King George as a gluttonous, doddering, and quite possibly drunken figure in contrast to the nimble and quick-witted Captain Jack Sparrow.
It also depicts George III as insanely anti-Catholic, and quite possibly irrational when confronted with the possibility that Spain will retain control of the Fountain of Youth (which both believe to be more than a legend or a metaphor). The King virtually throws a tantrum at the possibility that “a melancholy Catholic” would “have eternal life”.

While it is widely known that King George III suffered from mental illness at various times of his life, his record was largely one of political pragmatism, except where Catholics within the British Empire are concerned, so maybe there is some substance to his statement in the movie. I don’t know who ruled Spain during George III’s time, but it wasn’t the same King Phillip, who was indeed melancholy, who ruled during the time of Elizabeth I. Could an entire line of Catholic Spanish monarchs have been melancholy?
However, as the first British monarch to study science systematically, one would think George III would have been less than likely to believe in such things as The Fountain of Youth, especially since actually taking advantage of its powers seemed to require engaging in a “profane” ritual with some Catholic liturgical aspects to it. It seems that in order to derive the purported benefit of The Fountain of Youth in the world of Pirates of The Caribbean: Stranger Tides, one couldn’t just walk up to it and drink some. In order for the “profane ritual” to be performed, it is discovered, one had to have two silver chalices, one of which was to contain only water from the Fountain of Youth, the other of which was to contain both Fountain of Youth water and a mermaid’s tear. The drinker of one chalice would derive an increased lifespan by decreasing the lifespan of the other, a detail not found in other legends concerning The Fountain of Youth. The chalices themselves, as depicted in the movie, seem to be purpose-built (apparently not just any silver chalices would do), and seem to have a silver stem, rim, and framework, while the bowls appeared to be of agate or alabaster, thus calling into question the nature of the chemical reaction in the chalices (if that’s what is indeed going on when people perform “the profane ritual”).

Whether or not the effect of the Fountain of Youth is the result of the chemical composition of the contents of each chalice, or something more directly supernatural, both Jack Sparrow, who has “seen a thing or two”; and Angelica, Jack’s erstwhile lover, believe in the supernatural. Angelica repeats to Jack a “prophecy” of unknown provenance that Bluebeard (her putative father) will be killed by a one-legged man. It is implied that Angelica’s beliefs come from her Catholic background. She lives as an outcast to both Spanish and English-speaking society, a female pirate, wearing a mix of male and female clothing, since Jack “corrupted her” when she was previously living in a Spanish convent and “about to take vows”. This may also be the source of her concern for Blackbeard’s soul, and why she has a young man in very plain civilian clothes (not likely for any priest or member of a recognized religious order in those days) accompanying her on Blackbeard’s ship after she leads him to believe that she is his long-lost daughter. He is described as a “missionary” (a real missionary would most likely be traveling as one of a group), and he does engage in religious talk, and carry what appears to be a Bible. While he is the cause of the capture of the mermaid, he also is the only one to advocate for humane treatment of her. It develops that he is also in love with her, which is OK, in view of the fact that this is a relationship which is unlikely ever to be consummated.

While Jack is not portrayed as an adherent of any particular religion, he is concerned about his soul, but not overly concerned. He talks to the missionary, but is unwilling to put in the “work”, the missionary suggests. He does, however, find a way to save Angelica’s life with the water from the Fountain of Youth (the right thing to do, according to Catholic sensibilities) and to ensure the fulfillment of the prophecy re: Bluebeard’s death, consciously, or otherwise.
When Spanish forces show up on the scene, their goal is to destroy the Fountain of Youth “as salvation can only be had from God, not from these pagan waters” as well as the English presence on their soil.

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